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  • #31
    As I wrote the last post, I thought what the heck, why not do a quick example of flanged drums so you can hear what I¡¦m talking about? So download the attachment and check it out. And in case you wonder why I¡¦ve been so inclined to provide a lot of audio examples for this review (and there will be plenty more), there are two reasons: Number one is that of course, a Pro Review should include lots of audio and graphics. But the second reason is that Riffworks makes it so easy to just whip something up and mix it down.

    For example, right now I¡¦m away from home, but I¡¦d brought my computer along. So as I hear dogs barking in the background and watch the fading afternoon light on the hills, I figured I¡¦d boot up Riffworks and take some screenshots of the modules for the Pro Review posts.

    But in the course of doing the screenshots, I of course had to play with the program, and it¡¦s very easy to just drag a riff into a song, mix it down, and generate a WAV file. From there, I just load it into Sound Forge Audio Studio (their ¡§lite¡¨ version of Sound Forge) and a few minutes later, I have a trimmed and edited version, saved as an MP3. Isn¡¦t technology wonderful? Well, at least when it¡¦s working, and it certainly is ƒº.

    And speaking of which, I¡¦m getting the impression that the Windows version of Riffworks is more solid than the Mac version. That¡¦s probably not too surprising, as the Mac variation is a fairly recent development. The Windows version has been very well-behaved, whereas the Mac is a bit more temperamental.

    Anyway¡Kon with the show.
    N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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    • #32
      Oh, why not…download the attachment to hear the drums processed through the LPFilter modulation, set to random, and synched to tempo (eighth notes, in case you wondered). It’s a pretty neat effect. Again, the tempo sync did not drift over time.
      N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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      • #33
        In this audio example, I’ve taken a guitar, added a bit of a 4kHz boost with the EQ, did some relatively serious compression, then used the modulation’s chorus option. Download the attachment to hear three effects in action. I think it’s a pretty sweet sound, actually.
        N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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        • #34
          Okay, we all know delay. But this is a pretty nice one; click on the attachment to see the front panel. It’s a four-tap delay (hence the 4 X 4 moniker) with individual delay time and level controls for each tap. Each delay time control can sync to tempo. There are also three master controls: Feedback, Damping (for when you want to trim the highs on successive echoes – an essential delay feature, as far as I’m concerned), and Mix.
          N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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          • #35
            To show off the delay, I figured that drums would be best. I used only two taps: One set to dotted eighth note sync, and the other to quarter note sync. There’s a little feedback, and some damping to keep the highs under control. Download the attachment to hear the delay in action.
            N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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            • #36
              The reverb does a good job of spring reverb emulatiion, but that's all it does. So if you want a hall sound, you're outta luck; and given that the VST/AU insert effect occurs before the Riffworks effects, if you want an external reverb to be the last effect in a chain, you can't use any Riffworks effects. The reverb has five preset sounds that are variations on the "spring these": sweet, shiny, dirty, dark, and whip.

              Wanna see the front panel? Click on the attachment. The controls are minimal -- size, damping, and mix -- but it indeed sounds like a spring reverb.
              N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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              • #37
                And you probably want to hear what it sounds like, so...download the attachment to hear reverb combined with vibrato. I figured I'd throw the vibrato in there to give a bit of an hommage to the James Bond theme

                Yes, I know the real James Bond theme uses a tremolo, but y'all already know what tremolo sounds like! I like the vibrato in Riffworks a lot so it seemed like more fun to use it.
                N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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                • #38
                  So, how do you actually use Riffworks to record? That’s where it gets interesting. First, click on the attachment to see the screen for one possible recording method.

                  As mentioned earlier in the review, think “drum machine style programming.” In one typical scenario (though by no means the only one), you’d click on Backups, enable the Instant Drummer tab, and choose a beat you like. Then, you’d set the tempo, number of bars in the measure, and time signature.

                  Next up, it’s time to record your guitar. Riffworks uses a layered approach, where you can record one layer at a time in the riff. You can choose to auto-mute each layer, or listen to previous layers as you lay down new ones. I generally auto-mute when recording a basic track, but listen to the layers when doing doubled parts and the like.

                  So you click on Record, and hear a two bar count-in (for some reason, though, I don’t hear the beat on “5” – no big deal, though). Then it’s playing time. If you click on Layers instead of Backups, The layers appear, one after another.
                  N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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                  • #39
                    Click on the attachment to see what the screen looks like after recording multiple layers.

                    Each layer has pan and volume, metering, solo and mute, duplicate and delete, and the option to put effects on each riff. The scroll dial to the right scrolls through the various layers. Basically, there are a few ways to deal with editing. What I generally do is solo each layer, and pick the best one. Then, I solo additional layers and see if any of them work well for doubling the part (okay, I admit I like thick guitar sounds). If not, I keep the “keeper” layer and delete the rest.

                    Let’s assume I’ve kept two layers. At this point, I can mess with the panning levels, and of course, have the backing track going on in the background as I do any editing. But even after you stop recording, you can resume recording on additional layers. For example, in this case, I created a “pseudo-bass” part by dropping the guitar down an octave in each band of the shaper.

                    After you get your parts right, then you can mess with the effects...
                    N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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                    • #40
                      Clicking on a riff’s Effects button folds down an effects panel like the one we’ve seen previously, with the seven effects we’ve already discussed. You can’t use external plug-ins with the riffs; you need to use the Riffworks ones.

                      One very cool feature is that whatever effects you used while recording a riff get transferred over to the riff, so when you open up the Effects, you’ll have the same sound with which you recorded. Of course, you can edit this as well. As each layer has its own effects sections, you can go pretty nuts.

                      Incidentally, as opposed to my earlier experiments with Riffworks, this time around I used Riffworks on Windows for two reasons: To evaluate the performance with a different OS, and also, to check out the Mackie Onyx Satellite with a laptop (see the Onyx Satellite Pro Review for more about this audio interface).

                      I set the Onyx Satellite sample buffer to 128 samples, so with 128 samples going in and 128 coming out, the total delay time was just under 6 ms. I was able to record about a dozen layers and use effects with no problems (I didn’t run out of horsepower with a dozen layers, but good musical taste dictated that I’d gone far enough!).

                      For this post I wanted to include an audio example, but the attachment size limitations are a drag: The best I can do is about 8 seconds in mono. So it’s not really fair to judge Riffworks’ sound quality from the audio example, but at least it gives you and idea…download the attachment to hear Riffworks do its thing.. I used EQ on both guitars, compressed the bass, added modulation (chorus) to both guitars, and tempo-synched 1/8 note delay to one of the guitars.
                      N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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                      • #41
                        Now that you have a Riff, what do you do with it? Well, you’ll probably want to create another one. So you click on Create, and a new riff appears on the little grid above the layers window. You can do the whole layering thang all over again to create, for example, a chorus to go along with your verse.

                        You can keep on creating riffs and sticking them in the grid. If the “transport” is in play mode, you click on a riff to hear it; this is a good way to decide on which riffs work well together. However, a riff starts playing the instant you click on it. This is okay, but I’d love to see an option where if you click on a new riff, it plays immediately after the currently playing riff finishes. The timeline allows this, but at that point, you’re already putting your tune together. Being able to play riffs in sequence while noodling around the grid would be cool – sort of an Ableton Live kind of vibe.

                        Okay, now suppose you have your riffs all figured out. You can now drag them into the timeline above the grid, serially, so that the riffs you select play one right after another. Click on the attachment to see the riff grid and the timeline. The timeline has its own play button; click on the layer time button, and playback jumps over to playing the current riff.

                        So now you have your riffs arranged to make a song – again, like a drum machine where you string patterns into a song. But there’s one more option: You can record “Songlayers,” in other words, tracks (layers) that goes for the length of the song. This would be a good choice for doing a lead part over your riffs, adding a vocal, or whatever you want to do that lasts the length of the song. This does not loop.
                        N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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                        • #42
                          Well this is kind of a logical place to break for tonight, as we've covered the basics of putting together a song. Overall, it's a pretty obvious process. You don't need to refer to the manual much, which is a good thing as the manual isn't really all that superbly organized...for example, I could find virtually nothing about how to use the riff grid. I figured it out -- at least I think so. Maybe it has additional uses of which I'm not aware, and if so, hopefully someone from Riffworks will chime in.

                          There are still plenty of things to check out, like using ReWire, the "junt" feature, the RiffLink online collaboration process, and more. But let's take stock of what we have so far.

                          Playing with Riffworks reminds me of the days of using a four-track analog tape recorder (well, without the rewind/fast forward times). It's very immediate, and easy to just lay down tracks. Of course, 4-track recorders didn't have built-in drum machines and effects, but in some ways, the effects have that vintage vibe of effects of that era.

                          The drum backing tracks thing is cool, but clearly, you'd want to have more patterns available. I have not figured out how to adapt my own patterns to the Riffworks format (Dug, help!) or even whether it's possible. I assume that Riffworks would love for you to buy the optional-at-extra-cost drum patterns, but they've also included a REX player and ReWire option, so one of my next stops is to check out if you can create drum patterns in Reason and rewire them in.

                          Let's be clear that Riffworks will not replace a DAW. There's no editing or punching, or any of that kinda stuff. It seems to me this has two main purposes: A very inexpensive way for guitar players to get into using computers (in this context, the effects really take on extra value), and a quickie scratchpad for veterans who want something that just gets ideas down without complications.

                          I'm reminded of a friend who had this great, pro level 24-track recording setup in Paris, but also bought a little Minidisc multitrack recorder. I was puzzled, but he explained the MD was so easy to get up and running that he used it to capture ideas. I can easily see Riffworks providing the same kind of function.

                          In any event, I've been having a lot of fun with it. Let's see what happens in the next phase of experimentation...
                          N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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                          • #43
                            So here I am, sitting in an airport on the way to AES, and thought I'd check out ReWire with Riffworks. I also felt that it would be a good CPU hog test, because I could load up ReWire clients with lotsa tracks. I figured if my computer could deal with running a ReWire client and Riffworks, then Riffworks was probably pretty efficient.

                            ReWire is one of Riffworks' backup track options, and this is a nice touch as you can easily mix in your own backing tracks -- not just drums, of course, but whatever your ReWire-compatible program can generate.

                            When you click on ReWire, a ReWire-specific backup track window appears. Click on the attachment to see the window. There are four slots for ReWire client programs, in this case Ableton Live, Reason, Kinetic 2, and Project5 V2, which are all installed on my laptop. Each of these slots has a drop-down menu, so if you have more than four ReWire clients installed, you can choose the four you want to use.

                            When rewired, the Riffworks and ReWire client transports sync up, and the ReWire client's mixed, stereo audio outs flow into Riffworks. Riffworks provides audio level controls for each ReWire client, along with metering.

                            If you have a long riff and drag the playback cursor to somewhere in the middle, the client starts at the appropriate place -- you don't have to start from the beginning, or worry about timing problems. Also, I set both tight and long loops, and the looping function worked perfectly -- no straying from the sync.

                            Furthermore, you can run multiple backing tracks, like have the Riffworks' backup drums running along with a bass and piano part recorded in Reason. This is also a useful touch.

                            The main limitation is that you can't associate something like a different Reason song with a certain riff. In other words, once Reason is set up as a ReWire client, any riff where Reason appears as a client will play whatever is in Reason. I tried opening up two instances of Reason to see if there would be a "Reason1" and "Reason2" option in the ReWire slots, but Reason refused to open up twice. I also tried saving a Riff preset with different Reason songs, but the preset doesn't get into that level of detail; it will save which ReWire devices are inserted in the slots, along with the level settings, but anything beyond that you have to do manually.

                            This isn't surprising, though. The whole point about Riffworks is that it's supposed to be seamless, and it can take some time to load an entire song in a ReWire client. Presumably, the designers didn't want a situation where there would be silence while a new ReWire client song loaded.
                            N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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                            • #44
                              As there were four slots, I wondered what would happen if I opened up two Rewire programs. So, I opened up Reason and Live, then dragged some loops into Live and loaded a song into Reason. To my surprise, they both played at once as backing tracks. Then I opened up the Riffworks drums as a backing track, and now I had two Rewire clients open along with drums, all playing away. Click on the attachment if you want proof that Live, Reason, and Riffworks can all live together in harmony.

                              Because computers like to show off, I figured I'd open up Kinetic 2 and Project5 as well. But for some Reason, Kinetic 2 refused to talk to Riffworks. When you click on the Riffworks play button, Kinetic 2's measure counter increments, but it won't initiate playback.

                              Huh? So I clicked on Kinetic 2's play button, figuring it would then start to play along -- but instead, it stopped Riffworks. What made this more confusing is that Kinetic rewires just fine into Sonar. Oh well, I'll troubleshoot this further some other time.

                              So then I tried Project5, but it didn't work because the version installed on my computer was an NFR (not for resale) review copy, and it had timed out. Bummer. Well, after all I am going to AES, so maybe Cakewalk can loan me another NFR to test the thing out. However, my sense is that if Riffworks can do two ReWire clients, it can probably do four...Dug? Comments?

                              Being able to handle multiple clients also makes the preset function more useful, as you could have one client with its volume up in one riff, and a different client with its volume up in another riff. Still, the inability to switch the client's backing tracks with different riffs limits the usefulness of the rewire function.
                              N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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                              • #45
                                But we're not done yet with backing tracks, and this option is a real gem. Click on the attachment to see the REX player window. For those not familiar with REX files, these are digital audio files that have been specifically designed to loop, as well as time-stretch as you change tempo. For example, if you play back a REX file at 90 BPM and then increase the tempo to 120 BPM, the REX file will follow right along.

                                Like Rewire, there are four slots into which you can load REX files. These slots have level controls and metering, but also include a pan control. If the REX file is shorter than the riff, it loops within the riff; if longer, it jumps back to its beginning at the end of a riff. So far, so good...and having REX playback opens up a whole world of drum loops and backing tracks (there are at the very least hundreds of sample CDs that contain REX files), particularly because you can have four loops going at once.

                                But what makes this really useful is you can save presets using different REX player settings and even different REX files, and associate the presets with different riffs. So, you could have one REX drum pattern and a REX bass pattern associated with one riff, then when you call up another riff, a different drum and bass pattern play along. Nice.

                                REX files tend to be compact, as they employ a lossless data compression scheme (based on not having to store silence), and I didn't notice any gap when switching presets; as soon as you change riffs, the backing track is ready to go. There's only one real caution: have a consistent place to store your REX files, because if they're not where the program expects to find them, it won't. Instead, it will ask you to locate them.
                                N E W S O N G ! To Say 'No' Would Be a Crime (Remix) is now streamable from my YouTube channel.

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